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    Open Access Indication in Primo VE

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    For non-Primo VE environments, see Open Access Indication in Primo.


    When items are marked as open access in the Central Index, an Open Access indication appears in the brief results and the full view of the record in Primo VE so that users can easily identify items that are not restricted to view their content.


    Open Access Indication in Brief Results

    In addition, an Open Access facet allows users to filter results to display only open access content. Primo VE will not display record counts in the Availability facet.


    Open Access Facet in Brief Results for Primo
    • At this stage, the open access indication appears only on records that are flagged as open access in the index. In cases in which a group contains both open access content and restricted content, the represented item in the group may be restricted, but other records in the group may be flagged for open access after the user clicks the All versions link.

    • If the user is using the Open Access facet to filter the results list, the representative record in the group is automatically changed to the open access record.

    • Currently, the Open Access facet does not provide a count due to groupings that contain mixed content, which makes it difficult to provide an exact count.

    Hiding the Open Access Indication

    If you would like to hide the Open Access text and icon, add the following lines to the your view's CSS:

    /* Hide the open-access icon and text */

    .prm-open-access md-icon {

         display: none;


    .prm-open-access span {

         display: none;


    Open Access Content Sources Flagged in the Central Index

    Content in the Central Index is considered Open Access if it meets the following general criteria:

    • An item is freely available and openly accessible without requiring authentication by the user.

    • An item is identified by the provider/publisher as Open Access.

    • An item resides in a known Open Access repository, database, or journal collection that we determine to be Open Access.

    We recognize that there are different flavors and models of Open Access that depend on where the article is published, who is responsible for the cost of publishing, reuse rights, embargo periods, and so forth. We do not distinguish or differentiate between any of these models. Instead, we identify Open Access content based on the broad criteria described above and the methodologies described below.

    We have identified more than 100 Million items in the Central Index as Open Access content across dozens of content types, including journal articles, books, thesis, technical reports, patents, images, archival documents, and more.  In most cases, links for Open Access items in Primo lead to the full text of an article, thesis, book (PDF or HTML), image, patent, technical report, or to just the descriptive metadata (such as a Table of Contents or an abstract) in the case of some open access repositories.

    For more information, see CDI Collection Lists for Alma Customers.

    How Open Access Content is Defined in the Central Index

    In the Central Index, content can be identified as Open Access at the collection level for Open Access repositories and open websites.

    There is not a consistent way to identify open access content across different providers and content types. As such, metadata for all collections from participating providers must be carefully analyzed to determine the best methods for identifying whether content is open access or not.  In many cases, we must apply conditional rules and logic to the metadata at indexing time to be able to correctly identify and differentiate open access content from subscribed content.  

    In the case of collections with hybrid content, for example, collections of primary publishers where some articles from a journal are open access and others are not, we usually separate the collection into two collections (one collection for subscribed content and the other for open access content), regardless of whether the open access content is coming from full open access journals or from hybrid journals. Over time, you can see an increasing number of those collections appearing in the Central Index.

    Linking to Open Access Content from the Primo VE Results Page

    Linking in CDI is supported either by the Alma Link Resolver or by the link within the CDI records. The proxy configuration is managed accordingly in two different places. Both places allow you to create exceptions for records that are flagged as open access.

    • In Alma you can define the proxy settings for links that are generated by the Link Resolver (LinkResolver collections). For more details, see Managing Electronic Resources in Alma.

    • In Primo VE you can define proxy settings for Link in Record type of links. For more details, see the configuration options under the Use Proxy section.

    With the Primo VE September 2022 release, a new Open Access indication is available for links returned by CDI. For all CDI links that have this link-level Open Access indication, the proxy configuration settings in Primo VE are used to determine whether a proxy is added or not. For more details on this link-level Open Access indication and how it affects linking, see Remove Proxy Prefix for Open Access Links.

    Open Access Content from the Community Zone

    Relevant journals from the Alma Community Zone are enriched with the following MARC information so that they display the Open Access indicator in Primo VE:

    506 0_ $f Unrestricted online access $2 star

    This indication is automatically added only to bibliographic records that are linked to Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) portfolios.

    The $f and $2 subfields must be entered as shown above and must not contain any punctuation (such as a period). Otherwise, the indicator will not appear.

    Adding Open Access Indicator to Local Records

    While the previous sections covered content from the Central Index and the CZ, you can also display the Open Access indicator for local Alma records by adding the following MARC information to them:

    506 0_ $f Unrestricted online access $2 star

    The $f and $2 subfields must be entered as shown above and must not contain any punctuation (such as a period). Otherwise, the indicator will not appear.

    Support for Dublin Core (DC) Records

    The Open Access indication for DC records is based on whether the dcterms.accessRights parameter contains the following value: Unrestricted online access.

    For externally managed data that is loaded into Primo, you can write a normalization rule that adds this value to each record. For more information, see Configuring Normalization Rules for Primo VE.


    Open Access Indication in Brief Results
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