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    360 Services, Summon and Intota: Glossary - Dictionary - Industry Terms

    • Product: Intota

    Where can I find a glossary of acronyms, service names, industry terms, etcetera used throughout ProQuest management and discovery products?

    This glossary contains terms used throughout ProQuest management and discovery services. Given the broad scope of terms, this glossary does not go deep into any particular area. In particular, our management services utilize a fairly in-depth vocabulary and therefore additional glossaries exist that you might find useful if you subscribe to management products:

    Bold words within definitions below are themselves defined elsewhere in this glossary.
    If there is a word you think needs to be added and defined in this glossary, or if you have a correction to a definition in this glossary, please contact ProQuest using the Contact Us tab near the top of this page.
    360 Core: This is the basic service in the 360 suite of products and is included with all other 360 services. It is the repository and basis of all the data and metadata in your library s profile. It includes your administrative interface (the Client Center) and your patron interface (the E-Journal Portal).
    360 Counter: A ProQuest service for assessing the usage and cost of e-resources to optimize the value of electronic collections. Sometimes called "Counter," which can be confused with COUNTER.
    360 Link: This ProQuest service is an OpenURL link resolver that links a library's entire collection of resources. It allows users to quickly link from abstracts and indexes to the full-text content of an article. Formerly called Article Linker (AL).
    360 MARC Updates: This ProQuest service is a MARC records update delivery service. Formerly called Full MARC Records.
    360 Resource Manager: This ProQuest service is a set of tools for clients to manage their contacts, licenses, statistics, and more. Formerly called Electronic Resource Management System (ERMS). You can also read a separate glossary of Resource-Manager-specific terms.
    360 Search: This ProQuest service is a federated-search engine that enables users to search a wide range of resources from one interface. Formerly called Central Search (CS).
    A&I Service: An abstracting and indexing service. Abstracting is the process of condensing an article's contents into a brief, targeted statement of the article's purpose and importance. An abstract may be more precise than a synopsis, which may attempt to summarize the article without stressing the research bases of the article. Indexing is the process of citing the publication in which the article is found including the issue number, page location, title, subject, author, and other information that helps a researcher locate the article. A&I publications may be print or electronic. ProQuest's Biotechnology and Bioengineering Abstracts is an example of an A&I publication.
    Abstract: A brief summary of an article in a scholarly journal. This generally appears at the beginning of an article.
    Acquisitions: The process of physically and contractually purchasing specific library resources such as books and serials. This work often involves interaction with the library's ILS, for which a specific acquisitions module has been developed.
    Aggregator: A single agent who maintains, selects, and distributes a collection of electronic resources. The main feature of an aggregation is that it must be purchased as a whole.
    Alternate Title Searching: A feature of 360 Core. Many journals have alternative and abbreviated titles. In addition to Title Searching and ISSN, users can search through a library's electronic collection by Alternate Title.
    AL: Article Linker, the former name of 360 Link.
    AMS: Access & Management Suite, the former name of 360 Core.
    Article Linker: Former name of 360 Link.
    Athens: An access and identity management system developed by Eduserv, a UK-based organization, and provides a framework for enabling single single-on access to secured resources. Using Athens, libraries are assigned "organization ID's" and may allocate software services and content provider resources to their users according to the identity management policies that are agreed upon by a group of member organizations, called a Federation.
    Authority ISBN: The ISBN for an item, per its Authority Record in the Knowledgebase. In contrast, a Vendor ISBN is the ISBN for an item, per the provider offering the title in a particular subscription database or package.
    Authority Record: A record containing definitive, verified metadata on a given resource. Records come from authoritative sources such as CONSER and the National Library of Medicine.
    Base URL: A URL that is used to identify a specific library and its link resolver. Other URLs on its site are generally based on it. (Example of a Base URL:
    Benchmarking: Part of Usage Statistics. The benchmarking function allows libraries to compare their usage statistics with those of other libraries to gauge the value of their databases.
    Central Search: Former name of 360 Search.
    Citation: Any item from which a quotation or other information was taken, or to which a user is being directed. It includes enough information to locate the original item.
    Client Center: This is where clients log in to manage their services and accounts. The Client Center includes news, the Support Center (for help documentation), Data Management, the E-Journal Portal Administration Console, and a host of other service-management tools, depending on which services a library subscribes to.
    Collection Development: The process of determining which books, serials, and other resources should be included in the library's catalog, often based on subject area. Collection development is the work of subject bibliographers and other specialized librarians.
    CONSER: Cooperative Online Serials Program. An organization sponsored by the US Library of Congress that ensures the quality of MARC records for serials. A component of the Program for Cooperative Cataloging, CONSER is a source of high quality bibliographic records and documentation for the cataloging of serials. The CONSER database resides within the OCLC Online Union Catalog.
    COUNTER: Project COUNTER (Counting Online Usage of NeTworked Electronic Resources) is an international initiative that attempts to provide a common framework for the collection and presentation of usage statistics for electronic resources, specifically electronic journals. There are several "levels" of COUNTER compliance. (Note that this use of COUNTER is different from ProQuest's 360 Counter, often simply referred to as "Counter.") You can also read a glossary of COUNTER-specific terms.
    Credential based Authentication: Authentication systems that include methods which require the user to enter data or information to identify themselves.
    Content Provider Authentication: The process of connecting the authorized user to the specific content that they want to download or view that is stored in a given content provider's database.
    CrossRef: A nonprofit collaborative network established by publishers to provide a linking service between journal citations and full-text content. CrossRef provides libraries with an infrastructure for linking citations across publishers' full-text databases. CrossRef is not the same as a DOI or OpenURL, but uses DOI and OpenURL for linking objects to resources. ProQuest is a CrossRef affiliate member.
    CS: Central Search, the former name of 360 Search.
    CSV: Comma-separated value. This is a file format used to transfer data across different applications. It is usually used for spreadsheet and database applications like Microsoft Excel.
    Database: Instead of making e-journals and ebooks available individually, Providers (vendors) often group e-resources together in databases for ease of use and subscription purposes. On occasion, a provider names a database with the same name as the provider itself, and ProQuest identifies resources using the provider's naming convention.
    Database Status: In your Client Center account, this is the status you set for each database to determine it's availability to your E-Journal Portal and all 360 Services as well as Summon. More information here.
    Dewey Decimal Classification Number: A subject-based number assigned to a book, serial, or other library material for purposes of identification and shelving. Dewey Decimal classification is more general, has a different structure, and is based on a different numbering algorithm than Library of Congress (LC) classification. The Dewey Decimal system is owned by OCLC, Inc.
    DLF: Digital Library Federation. A consortium of libraries and other institutions that work to define standards for electronic collections.
    DMHP: Data Management Home Page. A page in the Client Center from which a client can navigate to a resource's Details screen. The DMHP contains a list of that library's databases.
    DOAJ: The Directory of Open Access Journals. A website maintained by the University of Lund, Sweden, as a searchable listing of all Open Access publications known by the University. The DOAJ is one of several repositories for Open Access publications.
    Document Delivery Service: Also called a "document supplier," this is a company that provides printed and/or electronic copies of an article for a fee. The company may deliver the document in a variety of formats such as PDF, text, or XML via email, fax, or hard-copy print. Infotrieve, ADONIS, and Linda Hall Library are examples of document delivery services.
    DOI: Digital Object Identifier. A code defined and used by publishers to identify digital materials and associate those materials with specific metadata. It consists of a prefix and suffix. An object's DOI is not the same as the object's URL; the URL describes where the object is located, while the DOI identifies the object itself.
    Dublin Core: The metadata standard that includes a specified set (core) of metadata elements and a mutually-agreed descriptive vocabulary. The Dublin Core is so called because it was developed and approved at a series of conferences and meetings at the Dublin, Ohio, headquarters of OCLC, Inc.
    e-Catalog: This is the main search tool for the Client Center, and is located at the top of every Client Center page. The e-Catalog search bar helps libraries find journals in any database, whether they are subscribed to the database or not.
    EDI: Electronic Data Interchange. A method of transferring data such as bibliographic information, purchase orders, publisher catalogs, and other data from one computer to another.
    EBook: An electronic version of a monograph.
    E-Journal: An electronic version of a journal.
    E-Journal Portal: A feature of 360 Core. It provides patrons with the most up-to-date information about library's online journals, and includes an A-to-Z title list, a Title Search form, and Subject Browsing menu.
    Electronic Resource Management System: Former name of 360 Resource Manager.
    Endpoint (Authentication Endpoint): The interface supported by a content provider to authorize users for access to one or more protected resources. An authentication endpoint is represented by a unique URL, used to authorize users prior to accessing protected resources. Common endpoint methods include username/password, IP Authentication, Referring URL, Shibboleth, and Athens.
    ERMI: Electronic Resource Management Initiative. This is a project developed by the DLF, to work on standards for managing license agreements and other internal processes for licensed electronic resources.
    ERMS: Electronic Resource Management System, a ProQuest service now called 360 Resource Manager.
    EZ Proxy: A standard URL-rewriting proxy, originally developed by Chris Zagar of Useful Utilities and now owned and operated by OCLC. It was designed to be a simple solution to the problem of remote user authentication and content provider authentication. A library can have a hosted version of EZ Proxy or a non-hosted solution where the library maintains the server.
    FRBR (Functional Requirements for Bib Records): (Pronounced furbur) Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records: Usually used in reference to the entity-relationship model that defines the characteristics of works, expressions, manifestations, and items.
    Full MARC Records: Former name of 360 MARC Updates.
    Fully Formed URL: More correctly called a "complete URL" and sometimes called a "fully qualified URL." A complete URL includes both the base URL and the rest of the web address. For example, use rather than just /journals.css).
    Google Scholar: A Google search engine that lists full text of academic literature across a broad range of formats and fields.
    HILCC: Hierarchical Interface to Library of Congress Classification. A classification system that uses Library of Congress classification numbers, found in standard catalog records, to create a menu system for subjects. This project was developed by Columbia University's Libraries Digital program.
    Holding: A physical or digital instances of a title to which a library has access, either through subscription or ownership.
    Identity Provider: A store of user identification information that may be as simple as username and password or it may contain additional demographic information such as user type (student, faculty, alumni, etc.). The identity provider responds to requests from service providers (software or content), either confirming user authentication against its stored data or denying access.
    Impact Factor: Developed by the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI), the impact factor is a measure of the frequency with which the "average article" in a journal has been cited in a particular year. The impact factor helps the librarian evaluate a journal's relative importance, especially compared to other journals in the same field. The primary focus of the impact factor rating system is scientific, technical, and medical (STM) journals.
    ILS: Integrated Library System. An Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system for a library. This system helps libraries manage their materials, including ordering, receiving, cataloging, circulating, tracking, and shelving materials.
    InCommon Federation: InCommon defines itself as "a formal federation of organizations focused on creating a common framework for collaborative trust in support of research and education. InCommon makes sharing protected online resources easier, safer, and more scalable in our age of digital resources and services. Leveraging SAML-based (Shibboleth) authentication and authorization systems, InCommon enables cost-effective, privacy-preserving collaboration among InCommon participants. InCommon eliminates the need for researchers, students, and educators to maintain multiple, password-protected accounts. The InCommon federation supports user access to protected resources by allowing organizations to make access decisions to resources based on a user's status and privileges as presented by the user's home organization."
    IP Authentication: The process of allowing user access to services or content based on the IP address from which they are requesting access. The content provider or software service checks the user's IP and if it matches what is stored it lets them in. If not the user is denied access.
    ISBN: International Standard Book Number. A unique, 10-digit, numerical code assigned to a book as its identification.
    ISSN: International Standard Serial Number. An internationally accepted, eight-digit, unambiguous numerical code for the identification of unique serial titles. One ISSN represents one serial title. The ISSN is multifunctional and is used as a component of bar codes, as a tool for the communication of basic information about a serial title, and for such processes as bibliographic control, ordering, billing, inventory control, abstracting, and indexing.

    Intota: Encompasses resource management, assessment and discovery. Intota is the administrative place where a library manages its Intota profile which consists of, amongst other things, a list of the library's subscription resources.
    Journal: A periodical that presents articles by authors and is most likely to be refereed or peer-reviewed for an academic or specialized trade audience. Articles in a journal include the credentials of the authors, citations to work used in the creation of the article, bibliographies, etc. A journal differs from a magazine in these respects. Articles in magazines are written by professional writers or freelancers for a non-specialized audience.
    Journal Linker: A feature that enables patrons to link from an abstract or index to a list of all the library s full-text holdings for that journal. All clients subscribed to 360 Core have Journal Linker automatically enabled. More information here.
    JSTOR: An independent, non-profit organization that maintains an electronic archive of scholarly journals and extends access to those journals as broadly as possible. The JSTOR archive serves more than 1,000 participating libraries at academic and research institutions worldwide. JSTOR also works with publishers to offer independent researchers access to specific journal titles.
    Knowledgebase: ProQuest's Knowledgebase (formerly branded as "360 KB") is the core data repository for all 360 services and provides the foundation for e-resource access, management, and assessment. It includes metadata for e-journals, ebooks, and more.
    LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol): A protocol for querying and managing directory data in IP networks. Wikipedia's LDAP page defines it as follows: "LDAP deployments today tend to use Domain Name System (DNS) names for structuring the topmost levels of the hierarchy. Deeper inside the directory might appear entries representing people, organizational units, printers, documents, groups of people or anything else that represents a given tree entry (or multiple entries)." ProQuest's User Authentication service does not currently support LDAP.
    Library of Congress Classification Number: The subject-based alpha-numeric classification assigned to a book, serial, or other library material for purposes of identification and shelving. Library of Congress (LC) classification is based on a different numbering algorithm from the Dewey Decimal System classification. In the LC system, classification numbers are prefixed with letters of the alphabet and each letter represents a subject area.
    LMH: Library-Managed Holdings. See LSH (Library-Specific Holdings).
    LSH: Library-Specific Holdings. Libraries can create custom "databases" that contain print holdings, individual e-journal and e-book titles, etc., which then become available to patrons through the various ProQuest services. Read more about how to create these custom databases here.
    MARC Record: Machine-Readable Cataloging Record. The MARC record includes a guide to its data so that a computer can interpret the information that would be found on a cataloging record.
    MEDLINE/PubMed: MEDLINE is the National Library of Medicine's (NLM) bibliographic database covering the fields of medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, the health care system, and the preclinical sciences. PubMed, a service of the NLM, includes over 14 million citations for biomedical articles back to the 1950s. These citations are from MEDLINE and additional life science journals.
    MeSH: Medical Subject Headings. These headings are in the controlled vocabulary thesaurus used by the National Library of Medicine (NLM) to categorize and classify publications in the medical sciences. There are approximately 22,560 descriptors in MeSH.
    Metadata: Data used to describe data. As metadata applies to periodicals, it includes such elements as title, ISSN, publisher, and subject. In full-text information resources, metadata may describe the elements of an individual article or citation. Metadata is used in standards such as the OpenURL.
    MFHD: Multi-Format Holdings Data. Includes print, electronic, microform, etc.
    Monograph: Often used as a synonym for "book" (in contrast to a serial/journal), the use of the word "monograph" gets tricky when discussing ebooks.
    NASIG: North American Serials Interest Group. Established in 1985, the North American Serials Interest Group is an independent organization that promotes communication and sharing of ideas among all members of the serials information chain -- anyone working with or concerned about serial publications.
    NISO: National Information Standards Organization. A non-profit association accredited by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) that identifies, develops, maintains, and publishes technical standards to manage information in the digital environment.
    Normalization: The process of bringing all instances of a title in the Knowledgebase together to align the metadata contained in those instances with the metadata contained in the authority record. Title fields in a MARC Record, along with the ISSN, are used to create this alignment. Further details available in the Normalization FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) Support Center article.
    OCLC: Online Computer Library Center. A non-profit organization based in Dublin, Ohio, originally formed in 1967 as the Ohio College Library Center by the Ohio state library to provide a central database for academic libraries in Ohio. They are a major provider of library cataloging services. More than 54,000 libraries in 109 countries and territories around the world use OCLC services to locate, acquire, catalog, lend, and preserve library materials.
    OCLC Code: A three-character code that uniquely identifies a library and is a standard tool for identifying libraries, particularly for interlibrary borrowing uses. It is assigned by OCLC, and as a result, most (but certainly not all) libraries in the world have an OCLC code. The code can consist of letters, numbers, and perhaps other characters.
    ODSE: Offline Date and Status Editor.
    Offline Date and Status Editor (ODSE): This 360 Core tool allows a client to update the title status and custom-date information for subscribed databases in a single document, to later upload within the Client Center or Intota. Instructions for Client Center users can be found here; Intota users can find information here.
    ONIX for Serials: Online Information Exchange for Serials. An XML metadata standard being developed by a NISO/EDItEUR Joint Working Party (JWP) for the transfer of serials bibliographic, subscription, and holdings information. The original ONIX format was designed and implemented for the exchange of book information. The original ONIX format was designed and implemented for the exchange of book information.
    OPAC: Online Public Access Catalog. An electronic version of a library's card catalog that allows users to locate material within the library by a number of different search and display criteria.
    Open Access: A publishing model for journals and other publications that makes their content freely available on the public Internet for searching, copying, downloading, and printing. Open Access Journals (OAJs) are full-text publications that are available to the reader at no charge. Costs for publications of OAJs may come from grant funding, from the authors of the articles in the journals, or other sources, but payment by the reader is not required for access.
    OpenURL: A syntax for organizing data in a URL. A protocol for interoperability between an information resource and a context-sensitive service in an open linking environment. The structure of the OpenURL conveys metadata for an information object (such as an electronic journal) so that the object can be correctly identified and ultimately linked to in the target resource.
    OpenURL Link Resolver: A system for linking within an institutional context that can interpret incoming OpenURLs. 360 Link is an OpenURL link resolver.
    Overlap Analysis: A tool that helps to evaluate a library's collection and accounts for overlap by showing the number of journals in a database that are unique to that database, and how many that are available elsewhere in the collection. It is hosted in Intota and in the Client Center. Further details for Intota users are here; Client Center users will find information here.
    Peer-Reviewed: See Refereed / Peer-Reviewed.
    Periodical: A publication that is issued frequently (e.g. daily, weekly, monthly, semi-annually). A periodical differs from a serial in that a serial is issued in parts or chronologically. The terms "periodical" and "serial" are often used interchangeably when talking about non-monographic publications.
    PMID: PubMed Identifier. A unique number assigned to all MEDLINE/PubMed articles.
    Predictable URL: Also called "Persistent URL," this refers to a URL that is maintained in a stable (or predictable) format that can be pointed to in the same location over time. A predictable URL is not the same as an OpenURL; it is the type of URL that the OpenURL points to. In web-based library catalogs that support predictable URLs, a service like can locate an ISSN or title in the library's catalog for Hooks to Holdings at the same location over time.
    Provider: Sometimes called a "vendor," a Provider is an organization that makes resources (such as journals, books, e-journals, ebooks, etc.) available to clients. Providers usually group individual e-journals and ebooks into Databases. On occasion, a provider names a database with the same name as the provider itself, and ProQuest identifies resources using the provider's naming convention.
    Proxy server: A proxy service acts as an intermediary between the user and the content provider. It downloads content from the content provider on behalf of the remote users and delivers the content to the user. In a typical case, the user is only required to click on a link, log in, and then gain access to all entitled resources regardless of which content provider database they are stored in.
    PubMed: See MEDLINE/PubMed.
    RDA (Resource Description & Access): Resource Description and Access was developed by JSC as part of its strategic plan (2005-2009) to replace the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, 2nd Edition Revised, which were first published in 1978, and provides a set of guidelines and instructions on formulating data to support resource discovery. RDA provides a comprehensive set of guidelines and instructions covering all types of content and media. (Definition retrieved from JSC RDA).
    Refereed / Peer-Reviewed: This designation is given to publications whose manuscripts and articles are vetted by professionals within the publications' specific area of expertise or academic discipline prior to the articles' publication. Peer-review implies a higher standard of quality and focus. The terms refereed and peer-reviewed are used interchangeably in Ulrich's.
    Referring Source: A database, journal, website, or catalog that can generate metadata. Examples of a Referring Source could be an aggregated database, an A&I database, an OPAC, or a publisher's website.
    Referring URL Authentication: The process of allowing user access to services or content based on the web site address from which they are requesting access. The content provider or software service checks the web site address from which the request is made and if it matches what is stored it lets them in. If not the user is denied access.
    Resource: A source of information/intellectual capital that can manifest in many formats: electronic, websites, print materials, etc.
    Selectable: An Intota and Client Center option that allows a client to enable an eResource subscription to only some of the titles within a database. When your library does not subscribe to all titles in a collection, making a resource selectable is critical for displaying to your end users only those titles that your library has access to. Instructions for Intota users are here; instructions for Client Center users are here.
    Selection: The process of determining which materials are appropriate for addition to the library's collections. Selection may involve large numbers of "selectors" who are subject specialists. Selectors work with acquisitions librarians who will carry out the material purchase transaction.
    Serial: A serial is a publication issued over a period of time, usually on a regular basis (such as weekly or monthly), with enumeration used to identify issues (e.g. volumes, issue numbers, dates). Serials, unlike other multi-volume publications, are intended to be published indefinitely with no pre-determined end date. Monographic series or book series that bear a collective title also qualify as serials.
    Shibboleth: An open source single sign on software package based on the SAML standards, and uses and Identity Provider and WAYF (Where Are You From) services to validate users requesting access to content or services.
    SICI: Serial Item and Contribution Identifier. The SICI standard (ANSI/NISO Z39.56-1996) provides an extensible mechanism for the unique identification of either an issue of a serial title or a contribution (e.g., article) contained within a serial, regardless of the distribution medium (paper, electronic, microform, etc.). Ulrich's title-level details do not currently include SICI.
    Single Sign On: A method of unifying the user's access in such a way that they sign in once to the institution (library) and are allowed to get to all of the library's discovery services and protected resources without further challenge. SSO includes User Authentication and User Authorization.
    STM: Scientific, Technical, & Medical. This acronym is often applied to publishers, journals, and aggregators/online service providers who specialize in these fields.
    Subject Browsing: A feature of 360 Core and the E-Journal Portal. It allows users to access a library's e-journal collection by subject, with the use of a simple drop-down menu.
    Subscription agent: An organization that supplies journals for libraries.
    Support Center: This is the "Help" area where clients can find guides, FAQs, and other documentation on each Management and Discovery service, or submit questions to the Support team.
    • Client Center users have a Support Center link in the top right of the screen.
    • Intota users have a Help link on the right side of most Intota pages.

    Title: The unique name given to the intellectual content of a resource.
    Target: An electronic resource that journals can be linked to at the article level, and that can be queried by an OpenURL link resolver. Examples of a target include a library's OPAC, a full-text aggregator such as ProQuest or WilsonWeb, Document Delivery services, or websites like Google or Amazon. This can overlap with "Referring Source," because in some cases, Referring Sources can also be targets. If you were to link out of ProQuest, ProQuest would be a Referring Source in that instance. But if, in another search, you were to link from 360 Link to ProQuest content, ProQuest would be a target in that instance.
    Token-Based User Authentication: A variety of methods for providing users access to services or content without requiring them to give up personal information, as many Identity Provider systems require. In these cases, users enter a username and password into a web form, which generates a token that is then passed to the software service or content provider for temporary access to resources.
    UKSG: United Kingdom Serials Group. Formed in 1978, UKSG is an autonomous, professional, interest group that exists to encourage the exchange and promotion of ideas on printed and electronic serials and the process of scholarly communication. Its mission is to span the wide range of interests and activities.
    Ulrichsweb: This ProQuest service is the authoritative source of bibliographic and publisher information on more than 300,000 periodicals of all types. You can also read a glossary of Ulrichsweb-specific terms.
    Ulrich's Serials Analysis System: This ProQuest service is a tool for library professionals who need to identify, analyze, evaluate, and create reports about the library's print and electronic serials holdings, aggregated journal collections, serials publishers, etc.
    Usage Statistics: A feature of 360 Core. It allows libraries to track e-journal searching activity, and to track which holdings and databases are being used most.
    User Authentication: A feature in the Administration Console which controls the process of logging the user into a system. The credentials of the user (username and password) are accepted and validated against an identity management store to confirm the identity of the user.
    User Authorization: The process of verifying that the authenticated user is allowed to access the content that the library has licensed from its content vendors.
    Vendor: In the context of ProQuest services, a vendor is the same thing as a Provider.
    Vendor ISBN: The ISBN for an item, per the provider offering the title in a particular subscription database or package. In contrast, an Authority ISBN is the ISBN for an item, per its Authority Record in the Knowledgebase.
    Vendor Statistics: Part of 360 Resource Manager, this feature is used to manage access and collection for vendor usage statistics.
    WaSeSS: This is ProQuest's MARC Organization Code, as assigned by the Library of Congress. This code is added to certain fields in MARC records to indicate what institution has edited the record in question. We use it as a means of identifying the records we create. The acronym WaSeSS refers to our location and former name: Washington Seattle Serials Solutions.
    Web Scale Management (WSD): A single, centrally provisioned solution that supports the entire resource lifecycle including selection, acquisition, cataloging, discovery, and fulfillment regardless of resource type.
    XML: Extensible Markup Language. XML is a simple, flexible text format designed to meet the challenges of large-scale electronic publishing and is used for data exchange, linking, and other purposes.
    Z39.50: Refers to the International Standard, ISO 23950: "Information Retrieval (Z39.50): Application Service Definition and Protocol Specification," and to ANSI/NISO Z39.50. The Library of Congress is the Maintenance Agency and Registration Authority for both standards, which are technically identical (though with minor editorial differences). The Z39.50 standard specifies a client/server-based protocol for searching and retrieving information from remote databases.
    'Zine: The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (Fourth edition, 2000) defines a 'zine as "An inexpensively produced, self-published, underground publication."

    • Date Created: 12-Feb-2014
    • Last Edited Date: 2-Dec-2015
    • Old Article Number: 9935
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